Azoospermia is a male-factor infertility marked by a total lack of sperm in the semen. It affects about 1 percent of men and between 10 to 15 percent infertility cases in men come from azoospermia. Azoospermia is a condition in which there’s no measurable sperm in a man’s (semen). How is it possible to treat such disease. Here is a brief on its causes, effects, and possible azoospermia treatment.
Sperm is made in the testicles and travels through the reproductive tract to mix with a fluid that’s found in the seminal ducts. Sperm and fluid then make semen , the thick, white ejaculate that comes out of the penis. Therefore, in an infertility case of azoospermia, the sperm is taken out of the equation. You may have ejaculate, but it doesn’t contain sperm. That’s why it’s labelled as “no sperm count.”
There are two main types of azoospermia : non obstructive azoospermia and obstructive azoospermia. non obstructive azoospermia comprises pre-testicular azoospermia and testicular azoospermia while obstructive azoospermia is mainly about post-testicular azoospermia.
Azoospermia cases have each, their own set of causes. Obstructive azoospermia in general relate to a blockage along the reproductive tract. Therefore, in this case, sperm is being produced but blocked from exit, and no measurable amount of sperm end up in the semen. It’s typically the case with Post-testicular azoospermia which relates to ejaculation problems due to obstructions of some sort in the reproductive tract. However, non obstructive azoospermia simply means sperm production is either non existent or of poor quality due to defects in the structure or function of the testicles, or hormones responsible for creating sperm . It’s good to mention that genetic conditions also impact cases of azoospermia.
Symptoms of azoospermia
It’s possible to show no symptoms when one has azoospermia. It shows only when efforts to conceive are unsuccessful. Any other signs or symptoms may be more related to other related causes, like hormonal imbalances or genetic conditions. Therefore possible symptoms might include: low sex drive, erectile dysfunction, lump, swelling, or discomfort around the testicles, decreased hair on the face or body.
There are many ways of treating azoospermia depending on the cause. Genetic testing and counseling are an important part of azoospermia treatment as well. When a blockage is the cause of your azoospermia, surgery can unblock tubes or reconstruct and connect abnormal or never developed tubes. When low hormone production is the main cause, hormone treatments can help. Hormones include follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG), clomiphene, anastrazole and letrozole. If a varicocele is the cause of poor sperm production, the problem veins can be restored with surgery or adequate treatment. Sperm can be retrieved directly from the testicle with an extensive biopsy in some cases. When living sperm is present, it can also be retrieved for assisted pregnancy procedures such as in vitro fertilization or intracytoplasmic sperm injection (the injection of one sperm into one egg). If the cause of azoospermia is suspected to be genetic, to avoid passing it on to your children, your healthcare provider may recommend genetic analysis of your sperm before assisted fertilization procedures are considered. Here are the regular ways to carry azoospermia treatment depending on the established cause.
However, for natural alternatives, you can also consider herbal therapies that give results.