To self diagnos an HIV infection is quite a delicate matter. HIV symptoms can show up or not, depending on the infection’s stage. In fact, at some stages, the infection express symptom while on the other hand it simply remains asymptomatic. Its easy to confuse HIV symptoms with those of other illnesses (Source). However, if you need to detect signs, here are what you can expect as HIV/AIDS symptoms.
An HIV infection evolves through three stages, and two, usually express symptoms. The third stage being most of the time asymptomatic. Symptoms appear at the first and third phases of the infection. They reveal the beginning of the infection and the moment the virus has fully taken over the body’s immune system. At the first stage, the infection shows symptoms similar to flu, and this quite spontaneously. Then, at the last phase, it simply shows signs of a body totally weakened by the virus. Here, is what HIV and AIDS symptoms look like at those phases.
HIV symptoms at the first stage
This phase is known as the acute phase. It appears during the second to the fourth week following transmission, and is symbolic to the virus’ breakthrough into our immune system attacking and destroying barrier cells. Symptoms at this phase are simply responses of our organism fighting the virus.
While you may notice nothing, some of this phase’s effets are:
- Muscle aches
- Sore throat
- Mouth ulcers
Then follows, symptoms of the third phase of infection.
Source : www.cdc.gov
HIV symptoms at the third stage of infection : A.I.D.S
The third phase of HIV infection is A.I.D.S. When AIDS kicks in, it is expressive of the body total surrender to the HIV virus. At this point, the body experiences severe immune deficiency, and is unable to defend itself against any kind of hostile presence. Symptoms that show up are therefore symptoms of diseases and infections that find their way through our defenses. And they might include :
- Extreme weight loss
- Recurring fever
- Extreme tiredness
- Prolonged swelling of the lymph glands in the armpits, groin, or neck
- Prolonged diarrhea
- Sores on the mouth, anus, or genitals
- Pinky blotches on the skin or inside the mouth, nose, or eyelids
- Memory loss, depression, and other neurologic disorders
Advices on detecting HIV/AIDS symptoms.
Considering how difficult it is to figure out proper phases, and the resemblance to other illnesses, its not safe to rely entirely on symptoms to detect an HIV infection. When one has doubt about self or another person, be it a partner or not, it is useful to know how to recognize a possible HIV infection. But it is not enough to solely rely on those observations. They do not offer proper assessment, since an infected person can show no symptoms and remain contagious. Therefore, it’s important to back your observations or doubts with an HIV test. Its the best way to sort out a state of infection.
Prevention and care
Once your test is done, if you are negative, keep away from risky behaviors. Those are the ones that convey greater chances of being infected by the HIV virus. Get to know more about them and how HIV is transmitted, here.
However, if the test scores positive, be assured there are treatments available to stop the virus’ progression to extend life as much as possible. Actually, the right treatment, can also help the virus find its way out of its host cells. The following treatment offers such alternative, and is an option to consider.
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